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          2. 当前位置: 首页 > 学术科研 > 学术视野 > 正文

            我院于淑静副教授在《光明日报》上发表文章

            【 发布日期:2019-07-12 】

            近日,“大学语文之父”徐中玉教授的离世引发了人们不尽的哀伤与追思,也让人们再次关注起那个长盛不衰的话题——何为大学语文、大学语文何为?从西南联大的国文到如今的大学语文,虽然不同时期被人们冠以不同的名称,但毫无疑问的是,语文对当代人的人文通识素质培养起着重要作用。    

            徐中玉先生30多年前在《大学语文》序言中指出:“大学里开设语文课,意义重大?!痹谒某橄?,大学语文在中断数十年后被社会各界高度重视并得以重新在大学课堂开设。然而,关注语文教学的人会发现,相较于开课伊始的热烈情景,近年来基于种种原因,全国有些高校特别是理工高校,或取消大学语文,或事实上将其边缘化,大学语文成为鸡肋般的尴尬存在。对于这一现状,徐中玉先生明确表示大学作为高等教育机构不应“失语”。那么,大学如何才能“不失语”?大学语文如何才能重焕生机?

            理工高校对自身优势专业有着执着追求,特别是面对激烈的就业竞争和快节奏的现代生活压力,往往过于追求实用主义和理性主义??凸鄣亟?,大学语文教育无法直接创造物质财富,也不能对就业有立竿见影的效果。但其人文精神所在,可以用润物细无声的方式潜移默化地影响我们的人生追求和价值取向。理工高校应该在继续保持学科特色的同时,加强学生人文素质的培养。

            语文教学不是逡巡于故纸堆,它同样可以现代、可以有趣。通过运用影音图像、网络邮件等现代教学手段,大胆尝试并成功推行教学措施改革,在一线教学中特别注意引入最新科研成果,尝试以跨学科的融合视角切入“中国问题”,以于常态中解构非常态、于非常态中再现常态的思维方式,勾连古今经典、激发学习兴趣?!盎睢钡娜宋睦砟?,即寓兴味于教化,激起青年学子关乎生活、生命、心灵、精神的思考,激活心脑、感知经典,博采众长、知行合一,为其今后的工作学习打下必要的精神基础。

            大学语文必须“活”起来。所谓“活”的人文,取自“为有源头活水来”。重在强调大学语文本源自鲜活的生活,最动人的当是它关乎心灵、关乎情怀。大学语文课是通识课而非常识课,是“大学”语文课而非“高四”语文课,是既有学习考核底线又无学习兴趣上限的平台课。由此,可以提倡独立思考,反对套路文章,强调真知灼见;可以提倡古为今用,反对急功近利,强调文化传承。

            大学语文要倡导“分享式”教学方法。所谓“分享式”,取自《孟子·尽心上》“引而不发,跃如也”。一方面,过往课堂教学常常以教师为主,易造成“满堂灌”,如此往往是教师台上慷慨激昂,学生台下昏昏欲睡;另一方面,若一味听凭学生意愿,则易“满堂乱”,其教学效果可想而知。为此,在当下信息时代,在大学语文学习上,应提倡师生双元共生,教师旨在引导,学生重在自主,强调分享意识,加强对话与互动,注重理解与启发,最大效度地合作探讨与交流。

            总之,大学语文非常重要。大学生应该会说话、会表达、善交流、懂审美。这些,都需要必要的引导和扶植。

            (王远程  编辑)

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